In 1990, U.S. political scientist John Mearsheimer predicted that we would soon ‘‘miss the Cold War.’’John J. Mearsheimer, ‘‘Why We Will Soon Miss the Cold War,’’ The Atlantic Monthly 266, no. 2 (August 1990), http://mearsheimer.uchicago.edu/pdfs/A0014.pdf. In the months and years that followed, the eruption of bloody conflicts in the Balkans and in Africa gave birth to fears of a new era of global chaos and anarchy. Authors such as Robert Kaplan and Benjamin Barber spread a pessimistic vision of the world in which new barbarians, liberated from the disciplines of the East—West conflict, would give a free rein to their ancestral hatreds and religious passionsRobert D. Kaplan, Balkan Ghosts: A Journey Through History (New York: Vintage Books, 1993); Ibid., The Ends of the Earth (New York: Random House, 1996); and Benjamin Barber, Jihad vs McWorld: How the Planet Is Both Falling Apart and Coming Together and What This Means for Democracy (New York: Times Books, 1995).. Journalists James Dale Davidson and William Rees-Mogg chimed in that violence would reassert itself as the common condition of lifeJames Dale Davidson and William Rees-Mogg, The Great Reckoning: How The World Will Change in the Depression of the 1990s (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1991).. Former U.S. Senator Daniel Patrick Moynihan warned that the planet was about to become a ‘‘pandemonium.’’Daniel Patrick Moynihan, Pandemonium: Ethnicity in International Politics (New York: Oxford University Press, 1993).